Get PDF Horny, Hard and Hare-y (Phases Book 5)

Free download. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. You can download and read online Horny, Hard and Hare-y (Phases Book 5) file PDF Book only if you are registered here. And also you can download or read online all Book PDF file that related with Horny, Hard and Hare-y (Phases Book 5) book. Happy reading Horny, Hard and Hare-y (Phases Book 5) Bookeveryone. Download file Free Book PDF Horny, Hard and Hare-y (Phases Book 5) at Complete PDF Library. This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and another formats. Here is The CompletePDF Book Library. It's free to register here to get Book file PDF Horny, Hard and Hare-y (Phases Book 5) Pocket Guide.
Works (16)
Contents:
  1. See a Problem?
  2. Horny, Hard and Hare-y
  3. Taken By The Pack
  4. Phases | Awards | LibraryThing

Bandura, A. Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84 , Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Human agency in social cognitive theory. American Psychologist, 44 , 1,, Regulation of cognitive processes through perceived self-efficacy. Developmental Psychology, 25 , Self-efficacy: The exercise of control.

New York: W. Banerjee, M. Redefining accessibility in an era of alternative media for postsecondary students with learning disabilities. Learning Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 45 , Bangert-Drowns, R. The word processor as an instructional tool: A meta-analysis of word processing in writing instruction.

Review of Educational Research, 63 1 , The instructional effect of feedback in test-like events. Review of Educational Research, 61 , The effects of school-based writing-to-learn interventions on academic achievement: A meta-analysis. Review of Educational Research, 74 , Banich, M. Generalization of knowledge: Multidisciplinary perspectives. Barab, S. Curriculum-based ecosystems: Supporting knowing from an ecological perspective. Educational Researcher, 35 5 , Making learning fun: Quest Atlantis, a game without guns. Education Technology Research and Development, 53 1 , Barkley, R.

Attention deficit hyperactivitydisorder: A handbook for diagnosis and treatment 2nd ed. New York: Guilford Press. Barnett, S. When and where do we apply what we learn? A taxonomy for far transfer. Psychological Bulletin, , Bartholomae, D. The study of error. College Composition and Communication, 31 3 , Barton, D. Local literacies: Reading and writing in one community. London, England: Routledge. Batalova, J. A profile of limited English proficient adult immigrants.

Peabody Journal of Education, 85 , Batchedler, J. Technology in the adult education classroom: Evaluating achievement on the test of adult basic education. Baumann, J. Research on vocabulary instruction: Voltaire redux. Flood, J. Jensen, D. Lapp, and J. Squire Eds. New York: MacMillan. Baumeister, R. Relation of threatened egotism to violence and aggression: The dark side of high self-esteem. Does high self-esteem cause better performance, interpersonal success, happiness, or healthier lifestyles?

Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 4 , The strength model of self-control. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 16 , Baylor, A. Simulating instructional roles through pedagogical agents. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 15 , Baynham, M.

Effective teaching and learning ESOL. Beach, K. Activity as a mediator of sociocultural change and individual development: The case of school-work transition in Nepal. Mind, Culture, and Activity, 2 , Beach, R. Transforming English language arts in a web 2. Lapp and D. Fisher Eds. IV, pp. Beaulieu, C. Imaging brain connectivity in children with diverse reading ability.

NeuroImage, 25 , 1,, Beaverstock, C. Dividing and conquering: Successful writing processes for adult learners. Adult Basic and Literacy Education Journal, 2 2 , Transforming adult students into authors: The writer to writer challenge. Adult Basic and Literacy Education Journal, 3 1 , Beck, A. A place for critical literacy. Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy, 48 5 , Beck, I. Application of theories of reading to instruction.

Stein Ed.


  • Friendship of a special kind.
  • Silent Treatment: Preferred Weapon of People with Narcissism.
  • Inspiration to Live Your MAGIC!™.
  • A Break in the Trail (Monterey Shorts Book 2)!
  • Navigation menu;
  • Clinical Signs!

Questioning the author: Making sense of the social studies. Educational Leadership, 60 3 , Improving comprehension with questioning the author: A fresh and enhanced view of a proven approach. New York: Scholastic.

IN ADDITION TO READING ONLINE, THIS TITLE IS AVAILABLE IN THESE FORMATS:

Different ways for different goals, but keep your eye on the higher verbal goals. Wagner, A. Muse, and K. Tannenbaum Eds. Learning from social studies texts. Cognition and Instruction, 6 2 , Questioning the author: A year-long classroom implementation to engage students with text. The Elementary School Journal, 96 4.

Questioning the author: An approach for enhancing student engagement with text. Bringing words to life: Robust vocabulary instruction. Beder, H. The outcomes and impacts of adult literacy education in the United States. Information Analyses No. Beidler, A.

See a Problem?

The effects of the Peabody language development kit on the intelligence, reading, listening, and writing of disadvantaged children in the primary grades. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Lehigh University. Beier, M. Current-events knowledge in adults: An investigation of age, intelligence, and nonability determinants. Psychology and Aging, 16 , Determinants of health knowledge: An investigation of age, gender, personality, and interests. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84 , Age, ability, and the role of prior knowledge on the acquisition of new domain knowledge: Promising results in a real-world learning environment.

Psychology and Aging, 20 , Beilock, S. Math performance in stressful situations.

Dirty Audio sex Story English erotic story-English Sex Story

Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17 , Stereotype threat and working memory: Mechanisms, alleviation, and spill over. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 5 , 1,, Belzer, A. Toward defining and improving quality in adult basic education. Clair, R. Opportunities and limits: An update on adult literacy education. Information series No. Benbunan-Fich, R. Hiltz, Impacts of asynchronous learning networks on individual and group problem solving: A field experiment, Group Decision and Negotiation, 8 , Benseman, J.

Working in the light of evidence, as well as aspiration. A literature review of the best available evidence about effective adult literacy, numeracy and language teaching. Benson, N. Analysis of specific deficits: Evidence of transfer in disabled and normal readers following oral-motor awareness training. Journal of Educational Psychology, 92 4 , Training and transfer-of-learning effects in disabled and normal readers: Evidence of specific deficits.

Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 64 3 , Bereiter, C. Chipman, J. Segal, and R. Glaser Eds. Current research and open questions pp. Learning to work creatively with knowledge. De Corte, L. Verschaffel, N.

Horny, Hard and Hare-y

Entwistle, and J. Oxford, England: Elsevier Science. Berg, E. Journal of Second Language Writing, 8 3 , Bergin, C. The parent-child relationship during beginning reading. Journal of Literacy Research, 33 4 , Berkeley, S. Reading comprehension strategy instruction and attribution retraining for secondary students with learning and other mild disabilities. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 44 , Berkman, N. Berman, I. Supporting adolescent literacy achievement. Issue Brief , Feb. Berman, J. Industry output and employment projections to Monthly Labor Review , Nov.

Berne, J. Think-aloud protocol and adult learners. Adult Basic Education, 14 3 , Berninger, V. The varieties of orthographic knowledge. Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Press. Swanson, K. Harris, and S. Graham Eds. Gender differences in orthographic, verbal, and compositional fluency: Implications for assessing writing disabilities in primary grade children. Journal of School Psychology, 30 , Brain literacy for educators and psychologists. New York: Academic Press. Implications of the advancements in brain research and technology for writing development, writing instruction, and educational evolution.

MacArthur, S. Graham, and J. Fitzgerald Eds , Handbook of writing research pp. Treatment of handwriting problems in beginning writers: Transfer from handwriting to composition. Journal of Educational Psychology, 89 4 , Early intervention for spelling problems: Teaching functional spelling units of varying size with a multiple-connections framework. Journal of Educational Psychology, 90 4 , Teaching spelling and composition alone and together: Implications for the simple view of writing. Journal of Educational Psychology, 94 2 , Modeling developmental phonological core deficits within a working-memory architecture in children and adults with developmental dyslexia.

Scientific Studies of Reading, 10 2 , Reading and Writing, 24 2. Berns, R. Berry, A.

The effects of self-regulated strategy development on the writing of expository essays for adults with written expression difficulties: Preparing for the GED. Submitted to Remedial and Special Education. Berry, J. Reliability and validity of the memory self-efficacy questionnaire. Memory aging: Deficits, beliefs, and interventions. Cavanaugh and C. Cavanaugh Eds. Denver, CO: Praeger. Bever, T. Normal acquisition processes explain the critical period for language learning. Diller, Ed.

Taken By The Pack

Rowley, MA: Newbury House. Bialystok, E. In other words: The science and psychology of second-language acquisition. New York: Basic Books. NeuroImage, 24 , Biber, D. Variation across speech and writing. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. Spoken and written textual dimensions in English: Resolving the contradictory findings.

Language, 62 , Register, genre, and style. Corpus linguistics: Investigating language structure and uses. Bigelow, M. Adult English language learners with limited literacy. Bilal, D. Differences and similarities in information seeking: Children and adults as web users. Information Processing and Management, 38 , Bilalic, M. Inflexibility of experts—Reality or myth? Quantifying the Einstellung effect in chess masters. Cognitive Psychology, 56 , Binder, K. Sentential and discourse context effects: Adults who are learning to read compared with skilled readers.

Journal of Research in Reading, 30 4 , Birdsong, D. Age and second language acquisition and processing: A selective overview. Language Learning, 56 Suppl 1 , Birren, J. Analysis of the WAIS subtests in relation to age and education. Journal of Gerontology, 16 , Bishara, A. Aging, spaced retrieval, and inflexible memory performance. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 15 , Bitan, T. Shifts of effective connectivity within a language network during rhyming and spelling.

Journal of Neuroscience, 25 22 , 5,, Bjork, R. Retrieval practice and maintenance of knowledge. Gruneberg, P. Morris, and R. Sykes Eds. Practical aspects of memory: Current research and issues vol. Memory and metamemory considerations in the training of human beings. Metcalfe and A. Simamura Eds. Metacognition: Knowing about knowing pp. Assessing our own competence: Heuristics and illusions. Gopher and A. Koriat Eds. The science of learning and the learning of science: Introducing desirable difficulties. American Psychological Society Observer, 19 , Blachman, B. Effects of intensive reading remediation for second and third graders and a 1-year follow-up.

Black, A. Science Education, 84 , Black, R. Online fan fiction, global identities, and imagination. Research in the Teaching of English, 43 4 , Blackburn, M. Agency in borderland discourses: Examining language use in a community center with black queer youth. Teachers College Record, 1 , Block, C. Comprehension instruction: Research-based best practices. Instructional approaches that significantly increase reading comprehension.

Journal of Educational Psychology, 2 , Blok, H. Computer-assisted instruction in support of beginning reading instruction: A review. Review of Educational Research, 72 1 , Blommaert, J. Academic literacies—What have we achieved and where to from here? Bloom, B. Taxonomy of educational objectives, handbook I: The cognitive domain. New York: David McKay. Bloom, K. Effects of massed and distributed practice on the learning and retention of second-language vocabulary.

Journal of Educational Research, 74 , Blumenfeld, P. Task as a heuristic for understanding student learning and motivation. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 19 , Motivating project-based learning: Sustaining the doing, supporting the learning. Educational Psychologist, 25 , Creating useable innovations in systemic reform: Scaling up technology-embedded project-based science in urban schools.

Educational Psychologist, 35 , Learning environments. Siegel and A.

Phases | Awards | LibraryThing

Renninger Eds. Blumenthal, A. English as a second language at the community college: An exploration of contexts and concerns. New Directions for Community Colleges, Spring , Journal of Educational Psychology, , Bonk, C. Early adolescent composing within a generative-evaluative computerized prompting framework.

Computers in Human Behavior, 8 , The index of writing awareness: One tool for measuring early adolescent metacognition in writing. Booth, J. The development of specialized brain systems in reading and oral-language. Borkowski, J. Effects of attributional retraining on strategy-based reading comprehension in learning disabled students. Journal of Educational Psychology, 80 1 , Boroch, D.

Basic skills as a foundation for student success in California community colleges. Bottge, B. Effects of contextualized math instruction on problem solving of average and below-average achieving students. Journal of Special Education, 33 , Developing mathematics understanding of students with disabilities using enhanced anchored instruction. A comparison of two approaches for teaching complex, authentic mathematics problems to adolescents in remedial math classes.

Exceptional Children, 59 , Capturing math understanding: A comparison of two assessment methods. Remedial and Special Education, 22 , Weighing the benefits of anchored math instruction for students with disabilities in general education classes. Journal of Special Education, 35 , Effects of video-based and applied problems on the procedural math skills of average- and low-achieving adolescents. Journal of Special Education Technology, 18 2 , Teaching mathematical problem solving to middle school students in math, technology education, and special education classrooms.

RMLE Online, 27 1. Shrinking achievement differences with anchored math problems: Challenges and possibilities. Journal of Special Education, 41 , Bouchard, T. Size, performance, and potential in brainstorming groups. Journal of Applied Psychology, 54 , Boudett, K. Does mandatory basic education improve achievement test scores of AFDC recipients?

Evaluation Review, 21 5 , Bourdieu, P. Language and symbolic power. Reproduction in education, society and culture. London, England: Sage. An invitation to reflexive sociology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Bourdin, B. Comparing speaking span and writing span: A working memory approach. Is written language production more difficult than oral language production? A working memory approach. International Journal of Psychology, 29 , Boutwell, M. Partnership for change. Fingeret and P. Jurmo Eds. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Bowe, C. Medical Education, 37 , Bower, G.

Narrative stories as mediators for serial learning. Psychonomic Science, 14 , Scripts in memory for text. Cognitive Psychology, 11 , Bowles, S. Schooling in capitalist America: Educational reform and the contradictions of economic life. Boyd, D. Why youth social network sites: The role of networked publics in teenage social life. Buckingham Ed. Bradley, L. Rhyme and reason in reading and spelling. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. Bradley, R. Identification of learning disabilities: Research to practice. Brambati, S. Regional reductions of gray matter volume in familial dyslexia.

Neurology, 63 4 , Brantmeier, C. Modern Language Journal, 89 1 , Branum-Martin, L. Bilingual phonological awareness: Multilevel construct validation among Spanish-speaking kindergarteners in transitional bilingual education classrooms. Brass, J. Local knowledge and digital movie composing in an after-school literacy program.

Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy, 51 8 , Braze, D. Speaking up for vocabulary: Reading skill differences in young adults. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 40 3 , Breetvelt, I. Relations between writing processes and text quality: When and how. Cognition and Instruction, 12 , Rereading and generating and their relation to text quality: An application of mutilevel analysis on writing process data.

Rijlaarsdam, H. Van den Bergh, and M. Couzjin Eds. Amsterdam, the Netherlands: Amsterdam University Press. Brehmer, Y. Developmental Psychology, 43 , Comparing memory skill maintenance across the life span: Preservation in adults, increase in children. Psychology and Aging, 23 2 , Breznitz, Z. Fluency in reading: Synchronization of processes.

Brittenham, R. Connections: An integrated community of learners. Journal of Developmental Education, 27 1 , Britton, B. Journal of Educational Psychology, 83 , Brockett, R. Self-direction in adult learning: Perspectives in theory, research, and practice. Brooks, G. Puckett, L. Progress in adult literacy: Do learners learn? London, England: Basic Skills Agency.

Effective teaching and learning: Reading. Brown, A. Inducing strategic learning from texts by means of informed, self-control training. Topics in Learning and Learning Disabilities, 2 1 , Situated cognition and the culture of learning. Educational Researcher, 18 1 , Brown, W. Preliminary evidence of widespread morphological variations of the brain in dyslexia. Neurology, 56 , Brozo, W. Hiding out in secondary content classrooms: Coping strategies of unsuccessful readers. Journal of Reading, 33 5 , Bruck, M. Word-recognition skills of adults with childhood diagnoses of dyslexia.

Developmental Psychology, 26 3 , Developmental Psychology, 28 , Component spelling skills of college students with childhood diagnoses of dyslexia. Learning Disability Quarterly, 16 , Effects of reading skill on component spelling skills. Applied Psycholinguistics, 9 , Brunning, R. Developing motivation to write. Brunswick, N. Brain, , 1,, Bryan, L. Cooperative writing groups in community college. Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy, 40 3 , Buckingham, D.

Media education: Literacy, learning, and culture. Cambridge, England: Polity. Bull, S. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 17 , Buonomano, D. Cortical plasticity: From synapses to maps. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 21 , Burgess, M. Using WebCT as a supplemental tool to enhance critical thinking and engagement among developmental reading students. Journal of College Reading and Learning, 39 2 , Burke, D. Word associations in old age: Evidence for consistency in semantic encoding during adulthood. Psychology and Aging, 1 4 , Aging and language production.

Current Directions in Psychological Science, 13 1 , Semantic priming in young and older adults: Evidence for age constancy in automatic and attentional processes. On the tip of the tongue—What causes word-finding failures in young and older adults. Journal of Memory and Language, 30 5 , Burns, M. Meta-analytic review of responsiveness-to-intervention research: Examining field-based and research-implemented models.

Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 23 , Burstein, J. Shermis and J. Burstein Eds. Burt, J. Spelling in adults: The role of reading skills and experience. Reading and Writing, 13 , Processing of phonological representations and adult spelling proficiency. Australian Journal of Psychology, 52 2 , Burt, M. Reading and adult English language learners: A review of the research. Burton, K. The differential effects of intrinsic and identified motivation on well-being and performance: Prospective, experimental and implicit approaches to self-determination theory.

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 91 , Burton, M. Progress for adult literacy learners. Bus, A. Joint book reading makes for success in learning to read: A meta-analysis on intergenerational transmission of literacy. Review of Educational Research, 65 , Butler, A. Testing improves long-term retention in a simulated classroom setting. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 19 , Butler, D.

Feedback and self-regulated learning: A theoretical synthesis. Review of Educational Research, 65 3 , Teaching and Teacher Education, 20 5 , Byrne, M. Metalinguistic and pragmatic abilities of participants in adult literacy programs. Journal of Communication Disorders, 29 1 , Cahalan-Laitusis, C.

Accommodations on high-stakes writing tests for students with disabilities. Research report no. Cain, K. The ability to learn new word meanings from context by school-age children with and without language comprehension difficulties. Journal of Child Language, 30 , Individual differences in the inference of word meanings from context: The influence of reading comprehension. Journal of Educational Psychology, 96 4 , Calkins, L. The art of teaching writing.

Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann. Callahan, M. Teachers College Record, 7 , 1,, Cameron, J. Reinforcement, reward, and intrinsic motivation: A meta-analysis. Review of Educational Research, 64 3 , The debate about rewards and intrinsic motivation: Protests and accusations do not alter the results. Review of Educational Research, 66 1 , Pervasive negative effects of rewards on intrinsic motivation: The myth continues. Behavior Analyst, 24 1 , Caplan, D. Functional neuroimaging studies of written sentence comprehension. Scientific Studies of Reading, 8 3 , Verbal working memory and sentence comprehension.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 22 1 , Cara, O. Bynner Eds. Carlisle, J. Morphological awareness and early reading achievement. Feldman Ed. Awareness of the structure and meaning of morphologically complex words: Impact on reading. Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 12 , Bosshard S, Gerber V. Evaluation of coughing and nasal discharge as early indicators for an increased risk to develop equine recurrent airway obstruction RAO.

J Vet Intern Med ; 28 — Infectious risk factors and clinical indicators for tracheal mucus in British National Hunt racehorses. Equine Vet J ; 46 — Coughing in thoroughbred racehorses: risk factors and tracheal endoscopic and cytological findings. Vet Rec ; — Inflammatory airway disease, nasal discharge and respiratory infections in young British racehorses. Equine Vet J ; 37 — Clinical and diagnostic features of inflammatory airway disease subtypes in horses examined because of poor performance: 98 cases — Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid cytology and cytokine messenger ribonucleic Acid expression of racehorses with exercise intolerance and lower airway inflammation.

Equine Vet J ; 35 — Subclinical diseases underlying poor performance in endurance horses: diagnostic methods and predictive tests. Vet Rec ; Fogarty U, Buckley T. Bronchoalveolar lavage findings in horses with exercise intolerance. Equine Vet J ; 23 — Prevalence of inflammatory airway disease in national hunt horses referred for investigation of poor athletic performance. Equine Vet J Suppl ; 36 — Effect of airway disease on blood gas exchange in racehorses.

J Vet Intern Med ; 19 — Physiological measurements and prevalence of lower airway diseases in Trotters with dorsal displacement of the soft palate. Equine Vet J Suppl ; 38 — Owner assessment in judging the efficacy of airway disease treatment. J Vet Intern Med ; 29 — Effect of sodium cromoglycate on light racehorses with elevated metachromatic cell numbers on bronchoalveolar lavage and reduced exercise tolerance.

J Vet Pharmacol Ther ; 17 — Blood gas, plasma lactate and bronchoalveolar lavage cytology analyses in racehorses with respiratory disease. Equine Vet J Suppl ; 30 — Relationship of horse owner assessed respiratory signs index to characteristics of recurrent airway obstruction in two Warmblood families. Expression microarray as a tool to identify differentially expressed genes in horses suffering from inflammatory airway disease.

Vet Clin Pathol ; 44 — Markers of respiratory inflammation in horses in relation to seasonal changes in air quality in a conventional racing stable. Can J Vet Res ; 72 — J Occup Environ Hyg ; 3 — Investigating the link between particulate exposure and airway inflammation in the horse. Particle mapping in stables at an American Thoroughbred racetrack.

count-down.online/wp-content/nu-plaquenil-et-azithromycin.php Total and respirable airborne dust endotoxin concentrations in three equine management systems. Equine Vet J ; 30 — Airborne dust and aeroallergen concentration in a horse stable under two different management systems. Equine Vet J ; 25 — Concentrations of dust and endotoxin in equine stabling.

Environmental exposures and airway inflammation in young thoroughbred horses. Stabling is associated with airway inflammation in young Arabian horses. Local airborne particulate concentration is associated with visible tracheal mucus in Thoroughbred racehorses. Equine Vet J ; 45 — Clarke AF, Madelin T. Technique for assessing respiratory health hazards from hay and other source materials.

Equine Vet J ; 19 — Respirable dust concentrations in equine stables. Part 1: validation of equipment and effect of various management systems. Res Vet Sci ; 83 — Comparison of cytokine mRNA expression in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of horses with inflammatory airway disease and bronchoalveolar lavage mastocytosis or neutrophilia using REST software analysis.

J Vet Intern Med ; 26 — Evaluation of nebulised hay dust suspensions HDS for the diagnosis and investigation of heaves. Equine Vet J ; 34 — Cold weather exercise and airway cytokine expression. J Appl Physiol ; 98 — Vet Immunol Immunopathol ; :8— Hare JE, Viel L. Pulmonary eosinophilia associated with increased airway responsiveness in young racing horses. J Vet Intern Med ; 12 — Evaluation of cytokine mRNA expression in bronchoalveolar lavage cells from horses with inflammatory airway disease. Vet Immunol Immunopathol ; — Cytokine concentrations in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from horses with neutrophilic inflammatory airway disease.

Herpesviruses in respiratory liquids of horses: putative implication in airway inflammation and association with cytological features. Vet Microbiol ; — A case control study of factors and infections associated with clinically apparent respiratory disease in UK Thoroughbred racehorses. Prev Vet Med ; 60 — Equine pulmonary disease: a case control study of referred cases. Part 3: ancillary diagnostic findings. Equine Vet J ; 27 — Retrospective study of the relationships between age, inflammation and the isolation of bacteria from the lower respiratory tract of thoroughbred horses.

Burrell MH. Endoscopic and virological observations on respiratory disease in a group of young Thoroughbred horses in training. Equine Vet J ; 17 — Airway inflammation in Michigan pleasure horses: prevalence and risk factors. Lower respiratory tract disease in Thoroughbred racehorses: analysis of endoscopic data from a UK training yard. Equine Vet J ; 40 :7— Robinson NE. Michigan State University 16—18 June Equine Vet J ; 33 :5— Cytologic evaluation of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid obtained from standardbred racehorses with inflammatory airway disease. Am J Vet Res ; 56 — Association between bronchoalveolar lavage cytologic features and airway reactivity in horses with a history of exercise intolerance.

Am J Vet Res ; 59 — Bronchoalveolar lavage in ponies with recurrent airway obstruction heaves. Am Rev Respir Dis ; — Evaluation of variations in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in horses with recurrent airway obstruction. Am J Vet Res ; 72 — Vet Clin Pathol ; 42 — Effects of lung site and fluid volume on results of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid analysis in horses.

Am J Vet Res ; 53 — Comparison of cellular and molecular components of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid harvested from different segments of the equine lung. Res Vet Sci ; 55 — Cytological analysis of equine bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Part 3: the effect of time, temperature and fixatives. Part 2: comparison of smear and cytocentrifuged preparations.

Part 1: comparison of sequential and pooled aliquots. Effects of centrifugation and specimen preparation technique on bronchoalveolar lavage analysis in horses. Equine Vet J ; 26 — Streptococci and Pasteurella spp. Respiratory disease in thoroughbred horses in training: the relationships between disease and viruses, bacteria and environment. Comparison of transtracheal aspirate and bronchoalveolar lavage cytology in 50 horses with chronic lung disease.

Equine Vet J ; 21 — Comparison of tracheal aspirates and bronchoalveolar lavage in racehorses. Evaluation of the diagnostic significance of neutrophil percentage. Aust Vet J ; 81 — Treatment of inflammatory airway disease in young standardbreds with interferon alpha. Can Vet J ; 45 — Serum concentration of surfactant protein D in horses with lower airway inflammation.

Equine Vet J ; 44 — Acute phase proteins in racehorses with inflammatory airway disease. Physiological measurements and upper and lower respiratory tract evaluation in French Standardbred Trotters during a standardised exercise test on the treadmill. Equine Vet J ; 34 S34 — Pulmonary function measurements immediately after exercise are correlated with neutrophil percentage in tracheal aspirates in horses with poor racing performance.

Res Vet Sci ; 90 — Reproducibility of airway responsiveness in horses using flowmetric plethysmography and histamine bronchoprovocation. J Vet Intern Med ; 23 — Radiographic scoring lacks predictive value in inflammatory airway disease. Surveillance of equine respiratory viruses in Ontario.

Can J Vet Res ; 74 — J Virol Methods ; — Equine gammaherpesviruses: perfect parasites? Vet Pathol ; 44 — Idiopathic chronic eosinophilic pneumonia in 7 horses. Goetz TE. Dictyocaulus arnfieldi as a possible cause of chronic cough in 14 horses. Equine Pract ; 6 — Partial divergence of cytokine mRNA expression in bronchial tissues compared to bronchoalveolar lavage cells in horses with recurrent airway obstruction.

Exercise induced pulmonary hemorrhage in horses: American college of veterinary internal medicine consensus statement. Am J Vet Res ; 66 — Doucet MY, Viel L. J Vet Intern Med ; 16 — Evidence of an association between inflammatory airway disease and EIPH in young Thoroughbreds during training. Equine Vet J Suppl ; 34 — Dynamic respiratory endoscopy of Standardbred racehorses during qualifying races. Van Erck E. Dynamic respiratory videoendoscopy in ridden sport horses: effect of head flexion, riding and airway inflammation in cases.

Equine Vet J Suppl ; 40 — Dexamethasone and fluticasone significantly decrease airway hyperresponsiveness in horses with inflammatory airway disease IAD , ACVIM proceedings. Effects of triamcinolone acetonide on pulmonary function and bronchoalveolar lavage cytologic features in horses with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am J Vet Res ; 54 — Effects of pentoxifylline on pulmonary function and results of cytologic examination of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in horses with recurrent airway obstruction.

Am J Vet Res ; 63 — Randomized, controlled study of inhaled fluticasone propionate, oral administration of prednisone, and environmental management of horses with recurrent airway obstruction. The effect of adding oral dexamethasone to feed alterations on the airway cell inflammatory gene expression in stabled horses affected with recurrent airway obstruction. Management of chronic airway inflammation in the horse: a systematic review. Equine Vet Educ ; 26 — Alteration in adrenocortical function in horses with recurrent airway obstruction after aerosol and parenteral administration of beclomethasone dipropionate and dexamethasone, respectively.

Effects of inhaled beclomethasone dipropionate on respiratory function in horses with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD. Cytokine induction in pulmonary airways of horses with heaves and effect of therapy with inhaled fluticasone propionate. Vet Immunol Immunopathol ; 85 — Effect of beclomethasone dipropionate and dexamethasone isonicotinate on lung function, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid cytology, and transcription factor expression in airways of horses with recurrent airway obstruction.

J Vet Intern Med ; 20 — Detection of fluticasone propionate in horse plasma and urine following inhaled administration. Drug Test Anal ; 5 — Vet Immunol Immunopathol ; 49 — Equine Vet J ; 29 — Effects of feeding sunflower oil or seal blubber oil to horses with recurrent airway obstruction. Can J Vet Res ; 71 — Inhalation with NDS27 attenuates pulmonary neutrophilic inflammation in recurrent airway obstruction. J Vet Intern Med ; 27 — Effect of prolonged administration of clenbuterol on airway reactivity and sweating in horses with inflammatory airway disease.

Am J Vet Res ; 73 — Part 2: the benefits of soaking hay and optimising the environment in a neighbouring stable. Installation of mechanical ventilation in a horse stable: effects on air quality and human and equine airways. Environ Health Prev Med ; 16 — Variability in particulate concentrations in a horse training barn over time. Equine Vet J ; 44 Suppl 43 — Support Center Support Center. External link. Please review our privacy policy. Occasional coughing, poor performance, no increased respiratory efforts at rest Signs are chronic at least 4 weeks in duration.

Regular to frequent coughing, exercise intolerance, increased respiratory efforts at rest Signs and severity may vary over time, often limiting activity. Often improve spontaneously or with treatment. Risk of recurrence low. Typically last for weeks to months before diagnosis. The disease cannot be cured but signs can be controlled. Exposure to stable environment. Genetic susceptibility has not been investigated. Exposure to dust or allergen in stable or at pasture.